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Title: BBC Alistair Cooke's America 08 of 13 Domesticating A Wilderness 1972
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General Information
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Type.................: TV Series
Part Size............: 50,000,000
Number of Parts......: 15
Compression Format...: RAR
File Validation......: PAR2/SFV
Number of PAR2 files.: 7
SFV Files............: 1
NFO..................: 1

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Post Information
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Posted by............: johncymru
Posted to............: alt.binaries.documentaries
News Server..........: AstraWeb
Posted on............: 20120420

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Release Notes
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http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0185051/

Episode 8

Directed by David Heycock

"If we retrace the steps by which America went from a wilderness to a giant of 
technology, there are less than fifty years from the homesteader growing his 
food on the 160 acres the government had given him to mammoth factories 
processing and packaging food for this nation and other nations. Less than half 
a century from a village on the prairie to the first city of the plains, the 
phenomenon of Chicago."  

Most Americans, comments Cooke, tend to remember Chicago from the Great Fire 
and the gangsters of the 1920s. He opens this episode in that city, which began 
as a fur-trading post; dredging a sand bar in the port gave it a harbor, which, 
along with the railroad, turned Chicago into the biggest grain market and 
eventually stockyard and railroad center of the world.

But the railroads and the prairie also changed the idea of the stalwart yeoman 
farmer making his own living. Machines appeared to make farming an industry; by 
the end of the century, the small farmer became almost a relic. Cooke then 
gives us a tour of Thomas Edison's laboratory, to show us what the young people 
of the late 1800s craved: the new inventions of the day, not only those that 
were work related, but things like Edison's other creations: the phonograph, 
the electric light, the "Kinetograph" (the movies), etc. In that period, 
inventions came in droves: the telephone, the personal camera, the sewing 
machine.

We are then taken to Pennsylvania for the next development: petroleum drilling 
began in this state after what was known as a native remedy for constipation 
also proved it could be refined for use as a lighting fluid (kerosene) and 
later as a lubricant and fuel. Until refineries proved profitable, even John D. 
Rockefeller did not believe in the future of oilùthen his monopoly of oil 
refineries made him a millionaire and then the first billionaire in history. 
Others with the gift of moneymaking appeared: Henry Clay Frick, Andrew 
Carnegie, John Pierpont (J.P.) Morgan, whose residences Cooke visits. Carnegie 
homself was a true American success story: from Scottish bobbin boy at thirteen 
to a billionaire in the steel industry by middle age.

These men donated enormous amounts of money away to charity, but lived in a 
prolifigate mannerùepitomized by the "summer cottages" in Newport, Rhode 
Islandùwhile other Americans, many of them workers of the "money barons,'" 
lived on minimum wages in squalid conditions in slums while toiling in 
factories or mines. Worse, the farmers who fed the country were now in debt to 
the railroad magnates for shipping their grain and the providers of the 
machinery for their harvests. Cooke profiles their champion, William Jennings 
Bryan, who unsuccessfully ran for the presidency.


Locations:
Commodity Exchange, Chicago
Santa Fe Stockyards, Chicago
Union Stockyard, Chicago
Homestead National Monument, Nebraska
Holsum Bread Factory, Chicago
Edison Institute, Michigan
Drakewell Memorial Park, Pennsylvania
Museum of the City of New York
Humble Oil and Refining Company, Louisiana
Skibo Castle, Scotland
U.S. Steel, Pennsylvania
Marble House, Rhode Island
William Jennings Bryan House, Nebraska

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File|
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Movie (AVI) Name ..: BBC Alistair Cooke's America 08 of 13 
                     Domesticating A Wilderness 1972.avi 
Total Size Bytes ..: 734,005,646 Bytes 
Length.............: 49:23.680 
Type...............: AVI(.AVI) 

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Framerate .........: 25.000 

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Codec Code ........:  
Codec Name ........: 0x0055 MPEG-1 Layer 3 
Bitrate ...........: 128 KB/s (CBR) 
Channels ..........: 2 
Sampling Rate .....: 48000 Hz 

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